(28 Jan 2021)
The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has
given its seal of approval for the return to service of a modified
version of the Boeing 737 MAX, mandating a package of software
upgrades, electrical working rework, maintenance checks,
operations manual updates and crew training which will allow the
plane to fly safely in European skies after almost two years on
the ground.

“We have reached a significant milestone on a long
road,” said EASA Executive Director Patrick Ky. “Following extensive analysis by EASA, we have determined that the 737 MAX
can safely return to service. This assessment was carried out in
full independence of Boeing or the Federal Aviation Administration
and without any economic or political pressure – we asked
difficult questions until we got answers and pushed for solutions
which satisfied our exacting safety requirements. We carried out
our own flight tests and simulator sessions and did not rely on
others to do this for us.

Boeing 737 MAX 7. Picture by Steven Howard of TravelNewsAsia.com Click to enlarge.

“Let me be quite clear that this
journey does not end here,” he added. “We have every confidence
that the aircraft is safe, which is the precondition for giving
our approval. But we will continue to monitor 737 MAX operations
closely as the aircraft resumes service. In parallel, and at our
insistence, Boeing has also committed to work to enhance the
aircraft still further in the medium term, in order to reach an
even higher level of safety.”

The Boeing 737 MAX was
grounded worldwide in March 2019 following the second of two
accidents within just six months, which together claimed 346

The root cause of these tragic accidents was traced to
software known as the MCAS (Maneuvering Characteristics
Augmentation System), intended to make the plane easier to handle.
However, the MCAS, guided by only one Angle of Attack (AoA)
sensor, kicked in repeatedly if that sensor malfunctioned, pushing
the nose of the aircraft downward multiple times. In both
accidents, pilots finally lost control of their plane, resulting
in a crash with total loss of aircraft.

In the days after the grounding,
EASA set four conditions for the return to service of the

– The two accidents (JT610 and ET302) are deemed
sufficiently understood;

– Design changes proposed by Boeing to
address the issues highlighted by the accidents are EASA approved
and their embodiment is mandated;

– An independent extended design
review has been completed by EASA; and

– Boeing 737 MAX flight crews
have been adequately trained.

“These four conditions have now
all been met, allowing us to go ahead with the return to service,”
Ky said.

While the investigations assessed that the
behaviour of the MCAS and related alerting systems were the clear
main cause of the two crashes, EASA rapidly realised that a far
wider review of the 737 MAX was needed. EASA therefore extended
its analysis to the entire flight control system. With a
particular focus on the human factors – the actual experience for
a pilot of flying the plane.

This extended review,
conducted in close cooperation with FAA as primary certification
authority, and with Boeing as manufacturer, continued to evolve
over the course of the 20-month exercise. Its findings led to the
definition of the broad package of actions specified in the
Airworthiness Directive.

“The mandated actions need to be
seen as a complete package which together ensure the aircraft’s
safety,” Ky said. “This is not just about changes to the design of
the aircraft: every individual 737 MAX pilot needs to undergo a
once-off special training, including simulator training, to ensure
that they are fully familiar with the redesigned 737 MAX and
trained to handle specific scenarios which may arise in flight.
This will be reinforced by recurrent training to ensure the
knowledge is kept fresh.”

EASA has also agreed with Boeing
that the manufacturer will work to even further increase the
resilience of the aircraft systems to AoA sensor failures so as to
further enhance the safety of the aircraft. Boeing will also
conduct a complementary Human Factor assessment of its crew
alerting system within the next 12 months, with the aim of
identifying the need for longer term improvements.

Resumption of Boeing 737 MAX Flights in Europe

The Airworthiness Directive,
which details the aircraft and operational suitability changes,
including crew training requirements, must be carried out before
each individual plane returns to service, gives the green light
from the EASA side for a return to service of the aircraft.

However, scheduling of these mandated actions is a matter for
the aircraft operators, under the oversight of Member States’
national aviation authorities, meaning that the actual return to
service may take some time. COVID-19 may also have an influence on
the pace of return to commercial operations.

In conjunction
with the Airworthiness Directive, EASA also issued a Safety
Directive (SD) requiring non-European airlines which are holders
of EASA third country operator (TCO) authorisation to implement
equivalent requirements, including aircrew training. This will
allow for the return to service of the 737 MAX when the aircraft
concerned are operated under an EASA TCO authorisation into,
within or out of the territory of the EASA Member States.

In summary, the EASA Airworthiness
Directive mandates the following main actions:

– Software
updates for the flight control computer, including the MCAS;

Software updates to display an alert in case of disagreement
between the two AoA sensors;

– Physical separation of wires routed
from the cockpit to the stabiliser trim motor;

– Updates to flight
manuals: operational limitations and improved procedures to equip
pilots to understand and manage all relevant failure scenarios

Mandatory training for all 737 MAX pilots before they fly the
plane again, and updates of the initial and recurrent training of
pilots on the MAX;

– Tests of systems including the AoA sensor
system; and

– An operational readiness flight, without passengers,
before commercial usage of each aircraft to ensure that all design
changes have been correctly implemented and the aircraft
successfully and safely brought out of its long period of storage.

EASA, and regulators in Canada and Brazil, worked closely with
the FAA and Boeing throughout the last 20 months to return the
plane safely to operations. The three authorities have already
approved the aircraft for the return to service.

AD requires the same physical changes to the aircraft as the FAA,
meaning that there will be no software or technical differences
between the aircraft operated by the United States operators and
by the EASA member states operators (the 27 European Union members
plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland).

the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, the UK
Civil Aviation Authority is now responsible for clearing the
aircraft to operate to/from and within the U.K as well as for U.K. operators.

However, EASA’s requirements differ from the
FAA in two main respects. EASA explicitly allows flight crews to
intervene to stop a stick shaker from continuing to vibrate once
it has been erroneously activated by the system, to prevent this
distracting the crew. EASA also, for the time being, mandates that
certain types of high-precision landings cannot be performed. The
latter is expected to be a short-term restriction. The mandated training for pilots is broadly the same for both authorities.

Some EASA member states issued their own decision prohibiting
the operation of the 737 MAX last year for their sovereign
airspace. These bans will need to be lifted before the aircraft
can fly again in the airspace of those countries.

See latest

Travel Industry News,
and other
news regarding:




737 MAX.


Qantas Signs Deal to Use Alliance Airlines’ Embraer E190s 
Int. Passenger Demand Down 75.6% in 2020; Forward Bookings Falling Sharply 
Melbourne Home to Marriott’s Second W Hotel in Australia 
Strong Cargo, Reduced Costs Result in Operating Profit for Korean Air 
SITA Launches Health Protect 
Arne Sorenson to Reduce Work Schedule for Cancer Treatment 
Accor Rebrands Mercure Hotel as Mantra Gladstone 
Strong Variations in Regional Air Cargo Performance in 2020 
Duxton Becomes Marriott’s First Autograph Hotel in Singapore 
Hyatt Takes Over Hotel in Brisbane, Australia 
Marriott Opens 50th Hotel in Shanghai, China 
Simpson Marine Sells Sanlorenzo SX112 to Customer in Hong Kong 
Whitbread Set to Open Four More Premier Inn Hotels in Scotland 
Diego Angarita Returns to Four Seasons Resort Anguilla as GM 
GKN Aerospace Takes Leading Role in UK’s Future Flight Challenge 
New Boeing F-15EX Fighter Jet Takes First Flight 
Rex Airlines Expands PSS Agreement with Sabre 
Compulsory COVID19 Testing for Staff at Hong Kong Airport 
American Airlines Makes Important Changes to Face Mask Policy 
Process to Choose Hosts of Rugby World Cup 2025, 2027, 2029 and 2031 Begins 
British Airways to Commence VeriFly Trial on 4 February 
Rosaviatsiya Approves Mku30 Communications System for Ansat Helicopters 
SATENA Signs GMA with ATR 
Bombardier Completes Sale of Transportation Business to Alstom 
From Mekong Startups to Mekong Innovations in Sustainable Tourism 
China Airlines Launches Ultra-Low Temperature Cargo Service 
Air Canada Suspends Flights to 15 Destinations in Mexico and Caribbean 
Etihad Airways Continues to Operate Flights from London and Manchester 
Vietjet Reports VND274 Billion Profit in Q4 2020 
Cebu Pacific Introduces New Baggage Policy 
Air Astana to Launch Frankfurt – Atyrau Flights 
FINN Partners Establishes Advisory Board 
Asia Pacific Airlines Carried 69 Million Passengers in 2020 
Singapore Airlines to Operate Boeing 737-800 NG on Phuket Flights 
Bombardier Expands Smart Link Plus Connected Aircraft Program 
Vibe Hotel Melbourne Appoints Sai Amani as GM and Vanesa Kaya as EAM 
Emirates Skywards Extends Tier Status, Miles 
Malaysian Customs Approves Teleport as Forwarding Agent 
Austrian Airlines Requires Passengers to Wear FFP2 Masks Without Valves 
IATA DG: We Can See Light at the End of the Tunnel 
How’s Business in Pattaya, Thailand? Interview with MD of Tiffany’s Show 
UNWTO’s Panel of Experts Have Mixed Outlook for 2021 
EASA Gives Green Light to B737 MAX; Boeing Agrees to Make More Changes 
Qatar Airways Privilege Club Extends Tier Status of Members 
Thomas Bouledin Joins Four Seasons Bali at Jimbaran Bay as Pastry Chef 
SAS and Apollo Extend Partnership for Three More Years 
Qantas Partners BP to Advance Shared Net Zero Ambitions 
Army in Asia Pacific Signs US$172 Million Contract for Light Tanks 
Laguna Golf Lang Co in Vietnam Joins Asian Tour Destinations 
Four Seasons Tokyo at Marunouchi Appoints Charles Fisher as GM 
Air New Zealand Requires All Customers to Wear Face Masks 
Whitbread Signs Deal with ENGIE for 600 Rapid Charging Points in UK 
Air France Expands Partnership with Michelin 
Hyatt Hotels in Latin America Offer Free COVID19 Tests to Guests 
United Airlines Expands COVID19 Testing and Pre-Clearance Program to Hawaii 
DEFIANT X – The Fastest and Most Maneuverable Assault Helicopter in History 
Bangkok Airways to Resume BKK – Sukhothai, Trat Flights on 1 February 
WTTC Says UK Hotel Quarantines Would Cause Irreparable Damage to Industry 
Airbus Delivered 300 Helicopters in 2020; Logged 289 Orders 
Swansea University Expands Partnership with Faradair Aerospace 
Qatar Airways Increases Flights to Africa 
United Airlines Launches Travel-Ready Center 
Embraer Completes First ANPI Transaction 
Korean Air Expands Baggage Notification / Tracking Service 
Cathay Pacific Carried Just 39,989 Passengers in December 
Finnair Demands Negative COVID19 Test Results; Resumes UK Flights 
Thai AirAsia X Offers Unlimited Changes or Credit to Japan, Korea Ticket Holders 
Etihad Airways to Resume Flights to Doha, Qatar 
airBaltic Establishes Maintenance Training Organization 
Boeing Sets 2030 as Sustainable Fuels Target for Commercial Airplanes 
Airbus Flightlab Testing Tomorrow’s Aviation Technologies 
Marriott Signs First Ritz-Carlton Ski Resort in Europe 
BBAM Orders 6 Boeing 737-800 Converted Freighters 
UK Court Gives Malaysia Airlines Green Light for Creditors Meeting 
Airbus Revises Aircraft Production Rates 
IHG Signs First Kimpton Hotel in France 
Iberia and Qatar Airways Expand Codeshare Agreement 
Turkmenistan Airlines Orders Two Airbus A330-200P2F 
Convert Nectar Points into Avios and Vice Versa 
Westin Grand Hotel Rebrands as the Hilton Vancouver Downtown 
Minor Hotels Partners Funyard for China Expansion 
Singapore Airlines Resumes Thrice Weekly Flights to Munich 
Qatar Airways to Resume Atlanta Flights; Increase Frequencies to USA 
Accor Opens First Movenpick Hotel in Australia 
FlyArystan to Launch Five New Routes 
Avani Opens Third Hotel in Dubai 
50-Room Mantra Hotel Opens in Traralgon, Australia 
UK Orders Future Target Acquisition Solution from Elbit Systems 
ATPCO Buys SITA’s Fare Management System, Airfare Insight 
SIA Launches One-Stop Online Solution for COVID19 Pre-Departure Testing 
Ultra-Trail World Tour Launches 2021 Season with New Race Format 
Volkert Geertsen Appointed GM of sala Bang Pa-in, Thailand 
United Airlines Appoints Doreen Burse as SVP – Worldwide Sales 
Emirates Starts Vaccinating Staff; Priority Given to Cabin Crew, Pilots etc. 
Ovolo Southside in HK Upgrades Food and WiFi for Quarantine Guests 
WTTC Looking Forward to a Strong Summer of Travel 
Banyan Tree Krabi Opens Spa with Hydrotherapy Facility 
Marriott to Open 100 Hotels in Asia Pacific in 2021 
Emirates Expected to Implement IATA Travel Pass Phase 1 in April 
Air Canada to Resume Boeing 737 MAX Flights on 1 February 
Air New Zealand Extends International Schedule to End-June 
Etihad Airways to Trial IATA Travel Pass in Q1 
Four Seasons Beirut Appoints Georges Ojeil as GM 
IATA Supports EU COVID19 Vaccination Certificate Proposal 
Negative COVID19 Test Required for Travel to UK 
Air New Zealand to Study Effectiveness of Saliva Testing in Detecting COVID19 
Executive Appointments at Wyndham Hotels & Resorts in Asia Pacific 
Four Seasons Toronto Appoints Mary Ann Gamboa as Director of Marketing 
First Grand Hyatt Hotel in Saudi Arabia Soft Opens 
Lynne Doughtie Joins Boeing’s Board of Directors 
Hong Kong Rugby Union to Transition Elite Programme in June 
Qatar Airways Receives 5-Star COVID19 Airline Safety Rating 
Hong Kong Int. Airport Handled Just 8.8 Million Passengers in 2020 
Rosewood Signs Very Special Property in Rome, Italy 
Cathay Pacific Develops Solution for Vaccine Distribution 
Fiji Link Launches Mobile Boarding Passes at Nadi, Suva and Labasa 
Latitude 33 Takes Delivery of New Challenger 350 Business Jet 
Mesa Opens New Maintenance Hangar at Beja Airport in Portugal 
Will British & Irish Lions’ Tour of South Africa Go Ahead? 
Four Seasons Returns to Bangkok with Brand New Hotel on the River 
ASEAN Tourism Forum 2021 Postponed Until January 2022 
HD Videos and Interviews 
Podcasts from HD Video Interviews 
RSS News Feed and Ticker 
Travel Trade Shows in 2020 and 2021 
High-Res Picture Galleries 
Travel News Asia – Latest Travel Industry News 

cheap bali packages, bali holidays packages, bali trip packages, angkor wat tour package, ho chi minh city tour package, siem reap holiday packages, hanoi and halong bay tour package, ubud package holidays
Provider of online holiday packages, offering great service and various packages with special discounted rates. More than 15 years operating in accordance with the highest ethical and business standards.


Related Post

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.